Postdoctoral Research Scientists studying Autophagy
Department of Biology, Washington University in St. Louis
Location: St. Louis, Missouri
Type: Full Time
Required Education: Doctorate
Salary: $ 54,000/yr (NIH Postdoc rate)
Area of Focus:
Signals and Responses
2 openings available.
Two Postdoctoral Research Scientist positions are available to study autophagy and its roles cellular development, nutrient recycling, and maintenance of protein homeostasis. It is now becoming clear that autophagy is a major player in the selective turnover of individual proteins, protein complexes, protein aggregates, organelles and even invading pathogens, and is essential for cellular proteostasis. Using yeast, Arabidopsis and maize as tractable genetic and biochemical models, the Vierstra lab is attempting to define the mechanisms that drive selective autophagy and understand how this process influences an organism’s proteome during development and under nutrient-rich and starvation conditions, using a suite of omics approaches including mass spectrometric methods to globally interrogate changes in the proteome of an organism.
The goal of a continuing NIH-funded project is to understand selective autophagy using a novel collection of autophagy receptors we recently discovered that employ an ATG8-binding UIM domain to tether substrates to enveloping autophagic vesicles. Two important targets of these UIM receptors are proteasomes and CDC48/p97, that become substrates for autophagy upon chemical or genetic inactivation. Turnover of proteasomes (proteaphagy) is of particular interest as its degradation is regulated by a sequence of ubiquitylation events and involves at least two types of biomolecular condenstates before proteasome deposition into vacuoles/lysosomes for degradation. As the CDC48/p97 mutations that initiate its autophagic clearance have been linked to a variety of neuropathogies, understanding this turnover has medical relevance. The secondNSF-funded project involves exploiting metabolomic, proteomic, and transcriptomic analyses on a collection of maize and Arabidopsis atg mutants impacting various steps in autophagy to understand how this system regulates intracellular recycling and helps avoid proteotoxic stress. Central to this work is an in-house ThermoFischer Q-Exactive-Plus mass spectrometer that enables deep proteomic analyses at a quantitative level to provide overviews of how proteomes are affected and adjust to defects in autophagy.
For more background on these topics and information about experimental approaches, see recent papers. The series of Marshall et al. (2015) Mol. Cell; Marshall et al. (2016) Cell Rep.; Marshall and Vierstra (2018) eLife; Marshall et al. (2019) Cell; and Marshal & Vierstra (2020) Front. Mol. Biosci.) papers provide a background on the UIM-based autophagic system for proteasome and CDC48/p97 turnover. For the omics work and other studies on autophagy in plants, see papers by Li et al. (2015) Plant Cell; McLoughlin et al. (2018) Nat. Plants; Liu et al. (2018) Front. Plant Sci.; Huang et al. (2019) Plant Cell; McLoughlin et al. (2020) PlantCell; Liu et al., (2020) Plant Cell; and Zhang et al. (2020) eLife) A general review on the topic is provided by Marshall and Vierstra (2018) Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. These projects not only offer exciting, relevant science but also the ability to become proficient in modern proteomic and genetic approaches and network analysis.
Washington University in St. Louis is a center of excellence in all aspects of biology with a special emphasis on plant science, and includes modern facilities and instrumentation necessary for the proposed work. In addition, the Washington University Medical School, the Danforth Plant Science Center and companies such as Bayer Crop Sciences and Benson Hill are nearby, making St. Louis an attractive place to do research with an abundance of technical expertise available. St. Louis is a diverse community which boasts an attractive living environment with numerous cultural, sporting and recreational activities close by.
Ph.D in biochemistry, genetics, molecular biology, or related areas. Experiences with mass spectrometry, yeast genetics, and a broad background in biochemistry and genetics are helpful but not essential. A competitive salary (commensurate with experience), fringe benefits including health insurance, and travel support to meetings are available. Funding is for at least 2 years with additional years possible. Washington University in St. Louis is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer.
About Department of Biology, Washington University in St. Louis
Research in the Washington University Department of Biology addresses a wide range of biological questions, across and between the sub-disciplines of biology: from single molecules to systems, and from steady state equilibria to dynamic remodeling over milliseconds to millions of generations. Intellectually, the department draws its strength from an exceptionally interactive and collaborative faculty who possess a wide range of interests at all levels of biological organization and who utilize many different biological systems and model organisms. Read more at https://wubio.wustl.edu/.